Correctional staff are authorized to use force against detainees/inmates in a variety of different situations. However, correctional staff must be cautious in exercising this authority. Criminal and civil liabilities can be imposed if the amount of force used is perceived to be excessive or unjustified. This course will provide correctional staff working in adult jails and prisons with an overview of the use of force, including case law examples, to guide correctional staff in what force can be used, how much can be used, and when it can be used. You will also learn some important information related to documenting situations when force is used. The interactive exercises and practical case studies will help you apply the concepts to your job.
This activity is approved for 2.00 contact hours.
This activity is approved for 2.00 STC credit hours.
This course has been approved by the South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy for 2.00 hours. CJA Lesson Plan #5707
Section 1: Introduction A. About This Course B. Learning Objectives Section 2: The Basics On Use of Force A. Case Scenario: Inmate Rollins B. Situations When Can Force Be Used C. Reasonably Necessary Standard D. Force Continuums E. Use of Force Policies F. Case Scenario Review G. Summary Section 3: The Courts on Use of Force A. Use of Force and Liability B. What Are the Key Questions? C. Case in Point: Hickey V. Reeder D. Excessive Use of Force E. Situations When Deadly Force Can Be Used F. Using Deadly Force to Prevent Escape G. Split-Second Decisions H. Evaluating Use of Force Cases to Determine Level of Injury I. Force and Punishment and Evolving Norms of Decency J. Mechanical Restraints K. Tasers L. Chemical Agents M. Weapons N. The Last Resort O. Key Take-Aways on Use of Force Decisions P. Case Scenario Review Q. Summary Section 4: Documenting Use of Force A. Documentation in Use of Force Cases B. Incident Reports: Types of Information to Include C. Cautionary Tips in Documentation D. Photographs and Digital Evidence E. Review F. Summary Section 5: Conclusion G. Summary H. Course Contributors I. Resources J. References K. Congratulations! L. Exam M. BrainSparks
Linda L. Bryant is a veteran public safety official and legal expert. She has served on her state’s parole board and as Deputy Attorney General responsible for overseeing the Criminal Justice and Public Safety Division. She also served as Assistant Superintendent of a mega-jail housing special management inmates, during which time she became an AJA Certified Jail Manager. She also served as an attorney in the Judge Advocate Generals Corps. She has been an Adjunct Professor at the College of William and Mary law school and Norfolk State University. She has also consulted and trained for Lexipol, the American Jail Association, and various public safety agencies in the U.S. She is currently a judge in Virginia.Writer: Kimberly Cobb, MS
Mrs. Cobb is a Lead SME Writer/Trainer at Relias. Her primary writing responsibilities are in the content areas of public safety and behavioral health. Mrs. Cobb is also the onboarding trainer for new staff joining the Relias Content Department. She has a Bachelor of Science degree in Correctional and Juvenile Justice Studies and a Master of Science degree in Criminal Justice. She has over 25 years of experience working in criminal and juvenile justice. Her work includes direct service, research, publication development, and training and technical assistance development and delivery.
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