Pennsylvania Child Abuse Recognition and Reporting

Pennsylvania Child Abuse Recognition and Reporting 

The goal of this continuing education module is to provide social workers, athletic trainers, audiologists, certified medical assistants, certified nursing assistants, dietitians, EMTs/paramedics, health educators, massage therapists, nurses, occupational therapists, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, physical therapists, physicians, physician assistants, psychologists, respiratory therapists, and speech-language pathologists with an overview of the requirements and procedures for reporting cases of child abuse in Pennsylvania.

The content in this course is applicable to health professionals in Pennsylvania.


Hours: 3.00


Certificates provided by accrediting body (2 Match)

American Nurses Credentialing Center


Relias, LLC is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.

Nurses will receive 3.00 contact hours for participating in this course.

Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education


Relias LLC is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Relias LLC designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 3.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-ACU-0-RRCAPTH
Hours: 3
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 6/30/2026
Learning Objectives:
Define the meaning of child abuse according to 23 Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes Title 23 Chapter 63.
Identify the physical, psychological, behavioral, and environmental indicators of child abuse.
Identify risk factors related to child maltreatment.
Outline the procedures for making a report to ChildLine.

Section 1: Introduction

About This Course

Learning Objectives

Section 2: CPS and GPS

CPS Versus GPS



Section 3: Child Abuse and Perpetrators

Child Maltreatment

Pennsylvania Statistics on Maltreatment

Definitions of Child Abuse


Exclusion from Child Abuse



Section 4: Signs of Child Abuse, Risk Factors, Negative Health Outcomes

Signs of Abuse

Serious Physical Neglect

Sexual Abuse

Danger Signs

Risk Factors

Negative Health Outcomes

Intergenerational Abuse



Section 5: Permissive and Mandatory Reporters


Privileged Communication





Section 6: Reporting and Response


Oral and Written Reports

Response to Reports

Assessment and Services

Investigation Protocol

Right to Know Law



Section 7: Conclusion


Course Contributors




Instructor: Elizabeth Kellerman, MSN, RN
Elizabeth Kellerman MSN, RN started in nursing in 2007 after graduating from Samuel Merritt University in Oakland, California. While working in a critical care unit at Sutter Mills-Peninsula Hospital she earned her CCRN and TNCC. Her experience and knowledge led her to nursing education where she taught at a community college while working to receive her Master's in Nurse Education at Western Carolina University. As a nursing instructor, she spent time in many types of care settings including medical-surgical inpatient and community living centers. Her passion for education and training has most recently led her to a position as subject matter expert and content writer for Relias. Disclosure: Elizabeth Kellerman, MSN, RN has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Expert Reviewer: Deborah Flowers, MSN, CPNP-PC
Deborah Flowers, MSN, CPNP-PC, is a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner who works as a program coordinator/nurse consultant for the North Carolina Child Medical Evaluation Program (NCCMEP). The NCCMEP is a collaborative program between the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) Department of Pediatrics and the NC State Division of Social Services and provides expert medical consultation to all county Department of Social Services in North Carolina with respect to the medical aspects of child abuse and neglect evaluations. Ms. Flowers also is a clinical assistant professor with the UNC-CH School of Medicine - Department of Pediatrics and adjunct clinical assistant professor with the UNC-CH School of Nursing. She has been a nurse for 29 years with 19 years in emergency nursing. The last eight years have been working in child abuse and neglect where she not only works in an administrative program but also serves as a medical consultant for the hospital child abuse team. Ms. Flowers has an extensive background in the care of sexual assault patients and develops and delivers curriculum to train nurses in caring for patients who present for care of sexual assault at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing. Disclosure: Deborah Flowers, MSN, CPNP-PC has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Expert Reviewer: Dorothy W. Angelini, RN, MSN
Dorothy (Dody) W. Angelini, MSN, RN has more than 30 years experience in nursing, including clinical practice in maternal and child health, public health, and continuing education. She received bachelors in nursing from Adelphi University and her masters in nursing from the University of Pennsylvania. Dody served as the director of maternal and child health services for the New Jersey Department of Health where she was responsible for the development of a statewide system of maternal health services in NJ. She is currently senior accreditations officer at Relias where she oversees the accreditation process for various healthcare professions. Disclosure: Dorothy W. Angelini, RN, MSN has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: Nurses; in the following settings: All Healthcare Settings.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form ( or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.