Understanding the Nervous System

Understanding the Nervous System 

The purpose of this course is to provide the nursing assistant with basic information on the structure and function of the nervous system and common neurologic conditions, with a focus on the provision of patient- and family-centered care to these patients.

The content in this course is applicable to nursing assistants in all care settings.


Hours: 1.00


Certificates provided by accrediting body (4 Match)

Non-Licensed Direct Care (DSP, HHA, CNA, DCW, PCA, IHA, NA)


Florida Board of Nursing - Certified Nursing Assistants


This is not an accredited course for professional license renewal. Florida CNAs may use this inservice toward meeting their annual inservice requirement.This activity is approved for 1.00 contact hours.

Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (ALL Direct Care Workers)


Relias Learning, LLC is approved as a Curriculum Developer by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. This activity is approved for 1.00 contact hours for all WA State Direct Care Workers. Training Provider Code: WA0624. CE Approval Code: CO1933712

California Department of Public Health (CNA)


Relias, LLC is an approved provider of continuing education by the California Department of Public Health, Provider # NAC7001.

The certificate must be retained by the licensee for a period of four (4) years after the course is completed.

This learning activity meets the definition of *** ONLINE *** CEUs. This activity is approved for 1.00 contact hours.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-PAC-0-UNS-V2
Hours: 1
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 9/30/2025
Learning Objectives:
Define the basic components of the nervous system.
Discuss signs and symptoms that are considered normal for a neurological disorder or disease.
Identify changes to the nervous system that are considered an emergency.
Describe how to provide patient- and family-centered care to the patient with a neurological condition.

Section 1: Introduction

About This Course

Learning Objectives

Section 2: The Nervous System

Overview of the Nervous System

Central Nervous System

Peripheral Nervous System

Section 3: Level of Consciousness



Causes of Altered LOC

Report Changes in LOC

Section 4: Neurological Diseases and Conditions

Types of Neurological Conditions

Degenerative and Autoimmune Disorders of the Nervous System

Parkinson’s Disease

Multiple Sclerosis and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis


Care of the Patient with a Degenerative Neurologic Condition


Section 5: Vascular Disorders of the Nervous System

What Is a Vascular Disorder?

Cerebrovascular Accident

Warning Signs of Stroke

Cerebral (Brain) Aneurysm

Care of the Patient with a Stroke

Migraine Headaches

Section 6: Genetic and Congenital Disorders of the Nervous System

Genetic and Congenital Disorders

Huntington’s Disease

Cerebral Palsy

Spina Bifida

Care of the Patient with a Genetic or Congenital Disorder

Section 7: Traumatic Injuries to the Nervous System

Types of Injury

Spinal Cord Injury

Paralysis from a Spinal Cord Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury

Long-term Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

Care of the Patient with a Traumatic Injury to the Nervous System

Section 8: Seizures

Types of Seizures

Epilepsy and Types of Seizures

Febrile Seizures

Care of the Patient with a Seizure Disorder


Section 9: Developmental Disorders

Types of Developmental Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Learning Disabilities

Intellectual Disability

Section 10: Tumors of the Nervous System

Types of Tumors

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors


Care of the Patient with a Tumor of the Nervous System

Section 11: Infections of the Nervous System

Types of Infection



Varicella Zoster

Bell’s Palsy

Care of the Patient with an Infection of the Nervous System


Section 12: Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease

Types of Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease

Progression of Alzheimer’s Disease

Mild Alzheimer’s Disease

Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease

Late or Severe Alzheimer’s Disease

Care of the Patient with Dementia or Alzheimer’s

Caregiving for Early-stage Alzheimer’s Disease

Caregiving for Mid-stage Alzheimer’s Disease

Caregiving for Late-stage Alzheimer’s Disease

Section 13: Patient and Family Centered Care

Defining Care

Caring for Patients with Dignity and Respect

Participation and Collaboration



The Nervous System

Neurological Diseases and Conditions

Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease

Patient and Family-Centered Care

Section 14: Conclusion


Course Contributors


Instructor: Laura L. Morgan, MSN, RN, NEA-BC
Laura L. Morgan, MSN, RN, CCRP, NEA-BC, currently serves as the Clinical Education Specialist at Lincoln County Medical Center in Ruidoso, New Mexico.  She plans, develops, implements, and evaluates educational programs for clinicians, using the most current research and clinical data, while fostering the implementation of evidence-based practice. Ms Morgan is an endorsed member of the Society of Clinical Research Associates, member of Sigma Theta Tau international honors Society of nursing, an instructor for Basic Life Support, Advance Cardiovascular Life support and a Board Certified Nurse Executive-Advanced from the American Nurses Credentialing Center. Disclosure: Laura L. Morgan, MSN, RN, NEA-BC has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form (https://www.relias.com/help) or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.