Key elements in this chapter include the description of the history, research and present day application of discrete trial instruction. The discrete trial cycle is explained and requirements for each component of the cycle are reviewed and demonstrated. Prompting procedures and prompt hierarchies used in discrete trial instruction are discussed. Strategies to avoid common prompting problems are addressed. Steps of acquisition common to discrete trial are reviewed, with consideration for the variation in steps of acquisition that are common when teaching expressive and receptive language skills. This training program is based on the RBT Task List and is designed to meet the 40-hour training requirement for the RBT credential. This program is offered independent of the BACB. Current Link: https://bacb.com/rbt-task-list/
Key Terms and Concepts •Discriminative Stimulus (SD) •Prompt Dependence •Discrimination Training •Acquisition •Distracter •Shaping •Chaining •Task Analysis •Reinforcers •Reinforcement Hierarchy •Mastery •Maintenance •Generalization •Errorless Learning •Multiple Exemplars
Dr. Rhonda Davin is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst with over 25 years of experience in the fields of developmental disabilities and autism. She has served the field as a teacher, college professor, consultant and expert witness. She started Behavior Consulting Services which provided direct behavior analytic services to children with autism and their families. She has supervised and mentored several behavior analysts and service providers currently practicing in the field today. Dr. Davin has also provided technical assistance for large scale organizational change efforts in the area of Positive Behavior Supports. Disclosure: Rhonda Davin, Ph.D., BCBA-D has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
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