PREA: Investigation Protocols


Investigating sexual abuse of inmates is unique when compared with other types of investigations, such as theft, introduction of contraband to a facility, and rules violations. The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) became law on September 3, 2003. As part of PREA, the National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Sexual Abuse of Inmates were established by Federal Rule in June of 2012. This course will give you the knowledge you need to understand the implications for investigating sexual abuse of inmates in light of PREA and the National Standards. This course is intended for persons employed in all types of adult and juvenile detention facilities throughout the United States, particularly those who are responsible for conducting or supervising investigations of sexual abuse of inmates in facilities. This course will provide you with an understanding of the unique nature of investigating sexual abuse of inmates. You will learn the general considerations about conducting sexual abuse investigations, including legal implications and the skills of competent investigators. It will provide you with knowledge of effective investigative protocols and techniques that can improve your effectiveness as an investigator. You will be given the chance to apply your knowledge in a series of interactive exercises that test your understanding of the material. The exercises include true/false questions, placing items in ranking order, multiple choice questions, and stories that demonstrate how to apply the training to your job.


Hours: 3.00


Certificates provided by accrediting body (2 Match)

American Jail Association Certification


This activity is approved for 3.00 contact hours.

South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy


This course has been approved by the South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy for 3.00 hours. CJA Lesson Plan #5707

Course Details

Course Code: EL-PREAINV-CORR-0
Hours: 3
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 6/30/2019
Learning Objectives:
Identify the seven PREA Standards that apply specifically to investigating sexual abuse of inmates.
Explain the unique aspects of investigating sexual abuse of inmates.
Demonstrate six critical investigative techniques and protocols of competent investigations.

Section 1: Introduction A. Course Contributor B. About This Course C. Learning Objectives Section 2: PREA Investigations and the Standards A. Dana’s Story: Too Little, Too Late B. Definitions of Sexual Abuse C. Sexual Abuse by Another Inmate D. Sexual Abuse by Staff, Contractor, or Volunteer E. Voyeurism F. Sexual Harassment G. Words, Words, Words – Say What You mean, Mean What You Say! H. PREA Standards that Apply to Investigations I. Evidence Protocol and Forensic Medical Examinations (115.21) J. Specialized Training: Investigations (115.34) K. Staff: First Responder Duties (115.64) L. Criminal and Administrative Investigations (115.71) M. Evidentiary Standard for Administrative Investigations (115.72) N. Reporting to Inmates (115.73) O. Sexual Abuse Incident Reviews (115.86) P. Is It or Isn’t It? Q. Section Summary Section 3: Unique Nature of Sexual Abuse Investigations A. It’s Personal B. Consent Issues C. Inmate Characteristics D. Staff Characteristics E. Values, Judgments, and Bias F. If His Lips are Moving, He’s Lying G. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) H. Rape Trauma Syndrome I. Prosecutorial Obstacles J. Obstacles to Reporting K. Investigations – Where Sex is Complicated L. Section Summary Section 4: General Investigative Considerations A. Criminal Investigations B. Administrative Investigations C. Evidence Required to Sustain an Allegation D. Miranda v. Arizona (1966) E. Garrity v. New Jersey (1967) F. To Talk or Not to Talk? That is the Question G. Who are Your Investigators? H. Investigator Qualifications I. Investigator Skills and Abilities J. Demystify the Process K. Supervising Investigations L. The Right Stuff M. Section Summary Section 5: Investigative Protocols A. Remember Dana’s Story? B. Preliminary Inquiry C. Gathering Information D. Interviews – Be Mentally Prepared E. Interviews – Be Physically Prepared F. Interviewing Victims G. Interviewing Suspects H. This Ain’t a Law and Order TV Show I. Preserving Evidence J. Collecting Evidence K. Forensic Medical Exams L. Writing the Reports M. Outcomes Defined N. Getting to the Conclusion O. Section Summary Section 6: Conclusion A. Summary B. References

Instructor: Elizabeth Layman, B.S.
Elizabeth Layman's career includes nine years as a police officer/detective in Arlington, Virginia, including patrol, sexual assault investigations, and forensics. She was with the Florida Corrections and Florida Parole Commission for 16 years as a Parole Officer and Administrative Hearing Officer conducting hearings with thousands of inmate/detainees/detainees in prisons and jails. Additionally, she served as a special investigator for the Office of Florida Governor. Since 1998, Ms. Layman has been President of Price Layman, Inc., a criminal justice consulting firm. She has worked as a consultant with the U.S. Department of Justice, providing technical assistance and training on sexual misconduct and abuse for more than 300 jail administrators, corrections, and law enforcement agencies. Ms. Layman developed and delivers the following curricula: Training for Investigators of Staff Sexual Misconduct; The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003: Impact on Law Enforcement; co-authorship of Resource Guide for New Wardens; PREA – Policy Development Guide for Sheriffs and Chiefs, Staff Sexual Misconduct with Offenders: Policy Development Guide for Community Corrections; Preventing and Responding to Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities. Ms. Layman continues to work across the country to assist with implementation of PREA. Ms. Layman has a Bachelor's Degree in Sociology from Virginia Tech. Disclosure: Elizabeth Layman, B.S. has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: entry and intermediate level Probation/Parole Officers; entry level General Staff; in the following settings: Adult Corrections, Juvenile Corrections.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
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All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
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