The Civil Justice Process

The Civil Justice Process 

Correctional agencies and staff are not immune from civil action claims. Justice-involved individuals can file grievances through administrative processes as well as seek recourse through the civil court system.


This course will provide an overview of the civil justice process for entry level corrections officers working in adult jails, prisons, and community confinement facilities, as well as to entry level community supervision officers working in adult probation and parole agencies.


Hours: 1.50


Certificates provided by accrediting body (3 Match)

American Jail Association Certification


This activity is approved for 1.50 contact hours.

California Board of State and Community Corrections


This activity is approved for 1.50 STC credit hours.

American Probation and Parole Association


This activity is approved for 1.50 contact hours.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-PS-0-CJP
Hours: 1.5
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 3/31/2024
Learning Objectives:
Define what civil justice is and explain the 4-5 steps in the civil justice process.
List 6 components of a civil trial.
Describe 6 strategies for providing effective testimony in a civil trial.
Explain 5 ways to prevent offender lawsuits and minimize liability.

Section 1: Introduction

A. About This Course

B. Learning Objectives

Section 2: Overview

A. Stories in the News

B. Offender Lawsuits: An Occupational Hazard?

C. Corrections Officer Liability

D. Community Supervision Officer Liability

E. Civil Justice Defined

F. Characteristics of Civil Justice Cases

G. Review

H. Summary

Section 3: Steps in the Civil Justice Process

A. Overview of Steps

B. Initial Pleading

C. Arbitration/Mediation

D. Pre-Trial Motion Hearing

E. Discovery

F. Post-discovery/pre-trial

G. Civil Trial

H. Components of a Civil Trial

I. Post-Trial

J. Review

K. Summary

Section 4: Minimizing Risk and Preparing for Lawsuits

A. Preventing Offender Lawsuits and Minimizing Liability

B. Strategies for Providing Effective Testimony

C. Review

D. Summary

Section 5: Conclusion

A. Summary

B. Course Contributors

C. References

D. Congratulations!

E. Exam

F. BrainSparks

Expert Reviewer: Linda L. Bryant, J.D., Sworn Jail Officer
Linda L. Bryant, J.D. is veteran public safety official and legal expert. She served as the Deputy Attorney General for Virginia for Criminal Justice and Public Safety where she supervised a team of over 80 attorneys who represented the state's public safety agencies in state and federal courts. She and her team provided legal advice on public safety matters and policy development to the Governor of Virginia, the Secretary of Public Safety, all public safety agencies and the state legislature. Her duties also included providing legal advice to and overseeing all litigation against the state Department of Corrections. She also served for nearly 18 years as a state prosecutor, where she prosecuted thousands of cases focusing her efforts on violent crime, serving as lead trial attorney on over 40 murder cases. During that time she also taught as an Adjunct Professor at the College of William and Mary law school. She also served on the Working Group that developed the "21st Century Principles of Prosecution, Peace Officer Use of Force Project" for the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys Ms. Bryant is currently the Assistant Superintendent and Compliance Attorney at the Hampton Roads Regional Jail, a jail with an average daily population of approximately 1100 inmates. The jail houses special needs inmates to include those with serious medical and mental health concerns. Disclosure: Linda L. Bryant, J.D., Sworn Jail Officer has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Staff Writer: Kimberly Cobb, MS
Mrs. Cobb is a Lead SME Writer/Trainer at Relias. Her primary writing responsibilities are in the Health and Human Services vertical, in the content areas of public safety and behavioral health. Mrs. Cobb is also the onboarding trainer for new Relias staff joining the Content Department. Mrs. Cobb has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Correctional and Juvenile Justice Studies and a Master of Science Degree in Criminal Justice. She has over 24 years of experience working in criminal and juvenile justice. Her work includes direct service, research, and training and technical assistance. She was the statewide evaluator for the Commonwealth of Kentucky for adult, juvenile, and family drug courts; a Research Associate for the American Probation & Parole Association providing training and technical assistance to Native American Nations/Alaska Native Villages on systemic criminal and juvenile justice initiatives; and a Research Administrator for the University of Kentucky. Disclosure: Kimberly Cobb, MS has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: Correctional Officers; in the following settings: Adult Corrections, Juvenile Corrections.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form ( or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.