An Overview of Electronic Technologies Used in Community Supervision

An Overview of Electronic Technologies Used in Community Supervision 

Electronic technology tools have become a necessity for community corrections programming to ensure that individuals are effectively and efficiently supervised. This course will provide you with an overview of some of the major tools currently available for use in community supervision, the types of individuals for whom the tools are best suited, and issues to consider when using various technologies. This course is intended for newly hired supervision staff of community corrections agencies.


Hours: 1.75


Certificates provided by accrediting body (2 Match)

American Probation and Parole Association

1.75 HOURS

This activity is approved for 1.75 contact hours.

California Board of State and Community Corrections

1.75 HOURS

This activity is approved for 1.75 STC credit hours.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-PS-0-OETC
Hours: 1.75
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 9/1/2024
Learning Objectives:
Describe how the 5 most commonly used electronic supervision tools work and their corresponding limitations.
List 3 or more target populations for each type of technology.
List 4 considerations for matching technology to offenders.
List 5 officer considerations for using technology.

Section 1: Introduction

About This Course

Learning Objectives

Section 2: Types of Electronic Supervision Tools, Limitations, and Target Populations

Types of Electronic Supervision Technology

House Arrest Units

Offender Tracking Systems (OTS)

Knowledge Check

Smartphone Applications

Knowledge Check

Ignition Interlock Devices

Continuous Remote Alcohol Detection Systems



Section 3: Considerations for Choosing Technology

Considerations for Matching Technology to Offenders

Risk Level

Type of Offenses

Types of Release

Treatment Enhancement

Officer Considerations for Using Technology



Contingency Plans

Legal Issues



Section 4: Conclusion


Course Contributors




Expert Reviewer: George B Drake
George Drake, MBA. During his 25-year career with the Probation and Parole Division in New Mexico, Mr. Drake served in a number of capacities within the agency. Starting as a line probation/parole officer in 1981, he learned firsthand the many demands of supervising a large caseload of felony offenders. He served as New Mexico's first Intensive Supervision District Supervisor beginning in 1988. In that capacity, he developed strategies to manage the state's highest risk offenders, including the implementation of an RF house arrest monitoring system. He became a Deputy Region Manager in 1997, a Region Manager in 1998 and was promoted to the Deputy Director of the Probation and Parole Division in New Mexico in 2003.

In January of 2007, Mr. Drake retired from government service and started a consulting company. He currently is under contract with the National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center to provide technical assistance to agencies developing electronic monitoring programs.

Mr. Drake is best known for his pioneering work in offender tracking technologies. Before GPS satellites services were publicly available, he was working with scientists at Sandia National Laboratories to develop the offender tracking concept. His work has been published in engineering and corrections journals.

Mr. Drake holds a Master of Business Administration degree from New Mexico Highlands University with an undergraduate degree in Psychology.

Disclosure: George B Drake has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Staff Writer: Kimberly Cobb, MS
Mrs. Cobb is a Lead SME Writer/Trainer at Relias. Her primary writing responsibilities are in the Health and Human Services vertical, in the content areas of public safety and behavioral health. Mrs. Cobb is also the onboarding trainer for new Relias staff joining the Content Department. Mrs. Cobb has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Correctional and Juvenile Justice Studies and a Master of Science Degree in Criminal Justice. She has over 24 years of experience working in criminal and juvenile justice. Her work includes direct service, research, and training and technical assistance. She was the statewide evaluator for the Commonwealth of Kentucky for adult, juvenile, and family drug courts; a Research Associate for the American Probation & Parole Association providing training and technical assistance to Native American Nations/Alaska Native Villages on systemic criminal and juvenile justice initiatives; and a Research Administrator for the University of Kentucky. Disclosure: Kimberly Cobb, MS has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: Correctional Officers; in the following settings: Adult Corrections.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form ( or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.