Nature of IDEA
Free Appropriate Public Education – FAPE
Least Restrictive Environment
National Picture of General Classroom Placements
Procedural Due Process
Parent and Student Participation
Parent and Student Participation: IDEA Findings
Parent and Student Participation: General Elements
Rud Turnbull is a university professor, researcher, consultant, and advocate in the field of developmental disabilities. He is Co-founder and Emeritus Co-director of the Beach Center on Disability at the University of Kansas. He is an Emeritus Distinguished Professor in special education and was Courtesy Professor of law at the University of Kansas. His research has addressed nearly 20 different issues of disability policy and has qualified him to be an expert witness before Congressional committees and draftsman of state and federal statutes, regulations, and proclamations. Until January 7, 2009, he was the father of Jay Turnbull (died at age 41), who had an intellectual disability, autism, and emotional-behavioral challenges. He has served as Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Judge David L. Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law; President, American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disability; Chairman, American Bar Association Commission on Disability Law; Secretary, The Arc of the United States; and Treasurer, The Association for Persons with Severe Disabilities. He was recognized by a consortium of professional and parent organizations in the field of intellectual disability as one of 36 people who “changed the course of history for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the 20th century.” He is a graduate of Kent School, Kent, CT; Johns Hopkins University; University of Maryland Law School; and Harvard Law School (post-graduate degree). Disclosure: H Rutherford Turnbull, III discloses the following potential conflict of interests/commercial interests: Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Free Appropriate Public Education as Own the copyright, previously owned by Love Publishing Co., Denver. Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Pearson Publishing as Co-Author of 2 books: Exceptional Lives 8th Ed., Families, Professionals, and Exceptionality 7th Ed.Instructor: Ann Patterson Turnbull, Ed.D.
Ann Turnbull has been a teacher of students with developmental disabilities, university professor, researcher, and advocate for individuals with disabilities, their families, and service providers for 4 ½ decades. She is an Emerita Distinguished Professor of Special Education and Co-director of the Beach Center on Disability at the University of Kansas. The Beach Center is a vital hub of national and international research and professional development on contemporary issues impacting the quality of life for individuals with disabilities and their families. She has authored 35 books, including 2 leading textbooks in the field of special education. She has also authored over 275 articles and chapters. In 1999, she was selected by the National Historic Preservation Trust in Developmental Disabilities as one of 36 individuals who “changed the course of history for individuals with intellectual disabilities in the 20th century.” She was selected in 1990 for the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy International Leadership Award. In addition to her professional credentials, she is the parent of three children, one of whom, Jay (1967-2009), was an adult son with multiple disabilities. Ann describes Jay as having an "enviable life" in terms of his inclusion; productivity; and contributions to his family, friends, and community. Ann is recognized within the professional special education field as a leading family researcher on the topics of family-professional partnerships, family support, and family quality of life. She is simultaneously recognized within national and international family networks as a visionary and relentless family advocate and leader. Disclosure: Ann Patterson Turnbull, Ed.D. discloses the following potential conflict of interests/commercial interests: Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Pearson Publishing as Co-Author of 2 Books: Exceptional Lives 8th Ed., Families, Professionals, and Exceptionality 7th Ed.