One of the ways our bodies react to injury and illness is through pain. Chronic pain increases with age, with the prevalence as high as 65% in community dwelling seniors and 80% of older adults living in long-term care facilities (The Canadian Pain Society, 2014). This pain is under-recognized and undertreated. Pain relief is vital for the health, functioning, and overall well being of each and every resident. When residents’ pain is controlled, they are able to achieve the highest level of functioning possible. When a resident’s pain is not properly treated and managed, they experience little rest and comfort, and their quality of life significantly diminishes. As caregivers, our goal is to provide residents with comfort, facilitate their independence, and preserve their dignity. When residents are in pain, meeting this goal becomes increasingly more challenging, if not impossible. Each resident feels pain differently, and may even feel different levels of pain intensity. As a result, the approach to treating pain differs for each resident. It is important to develop a pain management care plan, based on assessment, and that includes the wishes and condition of the resident. Most residents’ pain can be controlled and managed with medication and other treatments. Your residents depend on a proper pain assessment so the pain regimen that is best for them can be provided. There are several non-medical and medical treatment approaches available for the treatment of pain in older adults. In this course, you will learn about the treatment options available to control pain in older adults as well as the common side effects of pain medications used to treat residents’ pain.