Ethics for Speech Language Pathologists & Audiologists

Ethics for Speech Language Pathologists & Audiologists 

Speech-language pathologists, assistants, and audiologists are often confronted with a variety of ethical and moral dilemmas. Their decisions, including the failure to make a decision, can have long-range effects, both professionally and personally, for providers, patients, health care entities, and for society as a whole. Why does one value win out over another? What does the decision process involve? How do these decisions impact those involved? Directed to speech-language pathologists/speech therapists (SLP or ST), speech-language pathology assistants (SLPA), and audiologists (Aud), this module will address ethical and moral dilemmas, the decision-making process, and present multiple ethical case studies. This course aims to help speech-language-hearing professionals understand their ethical responsibilities.


Hours: 2.00


Certificates provided by accrediting body (1 Match)

Kansas Health Department of Aging and Disability Services (Speech)


Approved for 2.00 continuing education clock hours for Kansas Speech Pathologists and Audiologists by the Kansas Department of Aging and Disability. Long Term Sponsorship number LTS-S1057. This activity is approved for 2.00 contact hours.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-SRC-0-ESLPA
Hours: 2
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 7/31/2020
Learning Objectives:
Distinguish between morals, ethics, and the law.
Explain how advance directives can guide ethical decision-making.
Describe the main theories and principles of health care ethics.
Describe methods that help resolve ethical situations.
Explain how changes in the health care system may present ethical dilemmas.
Apply the American Speech Language Association’s principles of ethics.

Section 1: Introduction A. About This Course B. Learning Objectives Section 2: Ethics Overview A. Ethics vs. Morals B. Health Care Ethical Principles C. Case Study D. Ethical Theories E. Ethical Core Values F. Review G. Summary Section 3: Ethics in Speech Therapy and Audiology A. ASHA’s Code of Ethics B. ASHA’s Principles of Ethics C. First Principle D. Second Principle E. Third Principle F. Fourth Principle G. Applying the Code of Ethics H. Case Study: Thelma and Louise I. Case Study: William J. Case Study: Mary K. Case Study: Matt and Joan L. Case Study: Dee & DaShawn M. Review N. Summary Section 4: Law A. Statutes B. When It All Comes Together C. Review D. Summary Section 5: New Frontiers A. Growing Pains B. Electronic Medical Records C. Implementing G-Codes D. Implementing PQRS Reporting E. Operating Under Constrained Models F. Case Study: Josie G. Implementing the Affordable Care Act H. Resources I. Review J. Summary Section 6: Methods to Resolve Ethical Dilemmas A. Introduction B. Eight Steps to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma C. Case Study: Linda’s Activity Tolerance D. Active Engagement Model E. Reflection F. Integrating Theory into Education G. Review H. Summary Section 6: Conclusion A. Summary B. Course Contributor C. Resources D. References E. Congratulations!

Instructor: Andrea Salzman MS, PT
Andrea Salzman, MS, PT graduated from the University of Alabama at Birmingham with a Masters degree in physical therapy. Between 1996-2017, Salzman has instructed 100+ live instructions related to aquatic therapy and over 25 online courses related to geriatric therapy, ethics, and aquatic therapy. Her interest in topics related to scope of practice and ethics boundaries began in PT school where she served on a student-led honor council in a model which required its members to pass judgements on multiple ethics violations by peers. Between 1995-1998, Salzman served as Editor-in-Chief of an APTA section journal related to aquatic therapy, probing ethical topics within her Editor's column, such as "shading minutes" or refusing to allow patients to refuse PT in order to maintain Medicare Part A coverage. Between 1995-2002, Salzman served as a Lead Therapist and a PT Manager in both skilled nursing and hospital settings, roles which required her to provide inservice training as mandated by Joint Commission, including the use of the case study as a decision-making tool. In 2002, Advance for PT Magazine asked Salzman to create, referee and publish a series of point:counterpoint argumentative columns devoted to exploring hot button topics related to the ethical practice of physical therapy. Within this monthly column, "We Debate: You Decide", Salzman created a venue for 2 PT professionals to argue the merits of diametrically-opposed ethical stands on PT-related topics. In 2005, Salzman began serving as Vice President of 10K Rehab Corps, a temporary staffing company with an emphasis on providing on-call staff for the SNF and home health settings. One of her initial roles for this start-up company was the creation of policies on ethical standards for hiring and practice in the field. In 2009, Salzman began serving as the Director of Programming for Aquatic Therapy University (ATU) and in that role, has created over 500 hours of live instructionals for the post-graduate therapist. Salzman has spearheaded ATU's move towards obtaining PT continuing education credits through the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy, a move which required her to ensure the company met the intellectual property, ethical, disability access and diversity standards established by FSBPT. In 2010, Salzman received one of the highest honors given to a physical therapist from the American Physical Therapy Association, the Judy Cirullo Leadership Award. In 2012, Salzman began creating continuing education courses for Care2Learn, including discussions on the unintended ethical consequences of the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare) and rehospitalization risks for COPD, MI and CHF. Beginning in 2013, Salzman began creating Relias Learning online trainings related to medical errors and ethics and to perform critical reviews of existing CE courses, including reviews of Ethics and Jurisprudence courses, in order to ensure these courses met the standards required by the FSBPT and/or individual states. In addition to these roles, Salzman has served as: • Adjunct Faculty, College of St. Catherine's PT program: • Functional Design Consultant for facilities building aquatic centers; • Author, 5 physical therapy-related texts; • Monthly columnist, Aquatics International, Advance for PTs, Onsite Fitness, Disclosure: Andrea Salzman MS, PT discloses the following potential conflict of interests/commercial interests: Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Aquatic Therapy University as (Owner) Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Aquatic Resources Network as (Owner) Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Consultant Business as Consultant Relevant Financial Relationship with No Entities Exists as (N/A)
Expert Reviewer: Jessica McCarthy, MS, CCC/SLP
Jessica graduated from the Massachusetts General Hospital Institute of Health Professions with a Communication Science degree in 1995. She has more than 20 years of experience in public schools, early intervention, home health, and skilled nursing, serving as a Regional Director for a large, skilled nursing provider. Mrs. McCarthy has provided her expertise to companies during the validation and standardization phase of new language tests, and has performed on-line course reviews on numerous topics. She is the founder of Mosaic Care Management, a company that supports families and caregivers as they go through major medical events or elder care transitions. Her proudest role is that of wife to Tom McCarthy and mother of Caitriona and Michael. Disclosure: Jessica McCarthy, MS, CCC/SLP has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: intermediate level Speech and Language Pathologists; in the following settings: All Healthcare Settings.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form ( or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.