Vital Signs: Normal and Abnormal Ranges for the Adult Client

Vital Signs: Normal and Abnormal Ranges for the Adult Client 

The essence of medicine and nursing practice is comprised of fundamental elements essential to the care of adult and elderly patients. Vital signs, though basic in theory, yield invaluable information as a snapshot of a patient’s overall health status. According to research, patients who have unanticipated admissions to intensive care units or experience cardio-respiratory arrests frequently have declines in vital signs prior to these proceedings. This illustrates the profound impact that vital signs and the subtle changes in them have over patient outcomes. Unfortunately, advances in technology as well as the need for quicker assessments have resulted in almost exclusive reliance on automated machines. The expense and inaccuracy of automated machines has prompted a reassessment of best practice to obtain vital sign data. The goal of this course is to provide licensed healthcare clinicians with an in-depth knowledge base of vital signs and their components as well as the best practice techniques to perform when gathering vital sign data elements. By providing essential information on vital signs in the adult population, the likelihood of unnecessary interventions and mistakes will be lessened. In this course, you will learn about the five primary vital signs. The course will include blood pressure, pulse, respirations, temperature, and pain. You will revisit your own knowledge base of obtaining vital signs, the equipment required, and the understanding of abnormal values and common variations between adult and elderly populations. In addition, through interactive exercises, case scenarios, and didactics, you will be able to distinguish findings that need to be communicated to the appropriate individuals.


Hours: 1.00


Certificates provided by accrediting body (0 Match)

Course Details

Course Code: REL-CH-0-VSNAR
Hours: 1
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 2/28/2021
Learning Objectives:
Identify the essential vital signs of the adult and elderly population.
Recognize normal and abnormal vital sign values.
Differentiate age-related, environmental, and other causes of vital sign variations.

Section 1: Introduction A. Course Contributor B. About This Course C. Learning Objectives Section 2: Vital Sign Overview A. Meet Sarah B. Vital Sign Fundamentals C. Ranges D. Environmental Factors E. Gathering Facts F. Meet Anna G. Section Summary Section 3: Blood Pressure and Pulse A. What Do They Measure? B. Equipment C. Blood Pressure Technique D. Blood Pressure Results E. Taking a Pulse F. Age-Related Changes G. Influencing Factors H. Hypotension I. Hypertension J. Secondary Hypertension K. Bradycardia and Tachycardia L. Meet Karen M. Section Summary Section 4: Respirations and Oxygenation A. Evaluating Respirations B. Evaluating Oxygenation C. Age-Related Changes D. Abnormal Breathing Patterns E. Meet Carl F. Section Summary Section 5: Temperature A. Evaluating Temperature B. Routes of Measurement: Oral C. Routes of Measurement: Axillary D. Routes of Measurement: Rectal E. Routes of Measurement: Tympanic F. Age-Related Changes G. Hypothermia H. Hyperthermia I. Meet Suzanne J. Section Summary Section 6: Pain A. Evaluating Pain B. Assessment Tools C. Verbal and Nonverbal Cues D. Objective Changes E. Meet Randal Section 7: Conclusion A. Summary B. References

Instructor: Amy Lewis APRN, BC
Amy Lewis, APRN, B.C., the writer for this course, has 14 years of nursing experience. She completed her Bachelors of Science in Nursing Degree from Belmont University. After working as a Registered Nurse for five years in outpatient as well as inpatient settings, she completed her Family Nurse Practitioner degree from Belmont University. Ms. Lewis has experience with diverse populations in a variety of clinical settings. She has worked for the public health department as well as several private urgent care walk-in clinics. In addition, Ms. Lewis has worked for Belmont University as an adjunct instructor in the School of Nursing. Ms. Lewis brings a wealth of clinical practice and knowledge to the nursing profession and currently works as a primary care provider in a fast-paced urgent care clinic. Disclosure: Amy Lewis APRN, BC has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: Nurses; in the following settings: Health and Human Services.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
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