Ethics and Jurisprudence for Georgia Physical Therapists


Directed to Physical Therapists (PT) and Physical Therapist Assistants (PTA), this four-credit entry-level course will address ethical and moral dilemmas, the decision processes, and posit multiple ethical case studies surrounding professional accountability, ethical behavior and professional boundaries. This course aims to assist the PT professional in understanding their ethical responsibilities as well as regulations that govern PT practice in the state of Georgia.


Hours: 4.00


Certificates provided by accrediting body (1 Match)

GA Physical Therapy Association of Georgia


This course has been approved by the Physical Therapy Association of Georgia. This activity is approved for 4.00 contact hours.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-SRC-0-EJGPT
Hours: 4
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 10/31/2019
Learning Objectives:
Describe three changes in the professional, reimbursement, or legal landscapes that affect PTs and PTAs.
Articulate two distinctions between morals, ethics, and the law as related to the physical therapy profession.
Describe three types of Advance Directives and briefly explain how each is designed to reduce moral, ethical, and legal dilemmas.
Define at least two main theories and principles of healthcare ethics, as described in the course.
Describe two methods PT professionals employ to help resolve ethical situations.
Apply elements of the American Physical Therapy Associations Core Ethical documents to two case studies to resolve mock ethical dilemmas.
Articulate the supervision standards for physical therapist assistants and aides in the state of Georgia.
Describe the supervision standards for individuals practicing under a “Training Permit” in Georgia.
Describe at least five activities which are considered violations of the Georgia PT and/or PTA Code of Ethics.
Describe requirements for continuing competency for both PT and PTA providers.
Describe the rules related to performance of “dry needling” by PTs in the state of Georgia as outlined in Rule 490-9-.05.


Section 1: Introduction

  1. About This Course

  2. Learning Objectives

Section 2: New Frontiers

  1. Growing Pains

  2. Case Study #1: Professional Accountability

  3. Professional Challenges

  4. Presenting Self as DPT

  5. Practicing PT with Autonomy

  6. Operating under Constrained Models

  7. Implementing Electronic Medical Records

  8. Implementing Functional Limitation G-codes

  9. Implementing PQRS Reporting

  10. Implementing the Affordable Care Act

  11. Self-Reflection

  12. Review

  13. Summary

Section 3: Morals, Ethics & Law

  1. Ethics vs. Morals

  2. Healthcare Ethics

  3. Common Ethical Themes in Physical Therapy

  4. APTA’s Core Values for the Physical Therapist

  5. Accountability

  6. Altruism

  7. Compassion/Caring

  8. Excellence

  9. Integrity

  10. Professional Duty

  11. Socially Responsible

  12. APTA’s Core Values for the Physical Therapist

  13. Ethics vs. Law

  14. When It All Comes Together

  15. Review

  16. Summary

Section 4: Ethical Theories & Principles

  1. Healthcare Principles

  2. Nonmaleficence

  3. Autonomy

  4. Case Study #2: Professional Ethical Behavior

  5. Beneficence

  6. Justice

  7. Altruism

  8. Main Ethical Theories

  9. Methods to Resolve Ethical Dilemmas

  10. Integrating Theory into Practice

  11. Long-View Implementation of Ethical Training

  12. How Would These Play Out?

  13. Eight Steps to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma

  14. Case Study #3

  15. Active Engagement Model

  16. Case Study #4: Professional Boundaries

  17. Ethical Lens Grid

  18. Review

  19. Summary

Section 5: Code of Ethics

  1. Codifying Ethics

  2. APTA’s Core Ethical Document

  3. Mock Case Scenarios

  4. Review

  5. Summary

Section 6: Website of the Georgia State Board of Physical Therapy

  1. Actions Available Online

  2. Review of aPTitude

  3. Proposed Rules

  4. Frequently Asked Questions

  5. FAQ Summary

  6. Review

  7. Summary

Section 7: Georgia General Provisions

  1. Overview

  2. § 43-1-9

  3. § 43-1-19

  4. § 43-1-19.1

  5. § 43-1-19.2

  6. § 43-1-20

  7. § 43-1-21

  8. § 43-1-22

  9. § 43-1-23

  10. § 43-1-24

  11. § 43-1-25

  12. § 43-1-27

  13. Review

  14. Summary

Section 8: Georgia Regulations Governing Physical Therapy

  1. Georgia Physical Therapy Practice Act

  2. Defining Physical Therapy

  3. Role Delineations

  4. Licensure

  5. Georgia Physical Therapy Board Rules

  6. Chapter 490-1

  7. Chapter 490-2

  8. Chapter 490-3

  9. Chapter 490-4

  10. Chapter 490-5

  11. Chapter 490-6

  12. Chapter 490-7

  13. Chapter 490-8

  14. Chapter 490-9 Code of Ethics

  15. Rule 490-9-.02

  16. Rule 490-9-.03

  17. Rule 490-9-.04

  18. Rule 490-9-.05

  19. Chapter 490-10

  20. Chapter 490-11

  21. Chapter 490-12

  22. Review

  23. Summary

Section 9: Georgia State Board of Physical Therapy Policy Statements

  1. Overview

  2. Policies

  3. Review

  4. Summary

Section 10: Conclusion

  1. Summary

  2. Course Contributor

  3. Resources

  4. References

  5. Congratulations

Instructor: Andrea Salzman MS, PT
Andrea Salzman, MS, PT graduated from the University of Alabama at Birmingham with a Masters degree in physical therapy. Between 1996-2017, Salzman has instructed 100+ live instructions related to aquatic therapy and over 25 online courses related to geriatric therapy, ethics, and aquatic therapy. Her interest in topics related to scope of practice and ethics boundaries began in PT school where she served on a student-led honor council in a model which required its members to pass judgements on multiple ethics violations by peers. Between 1995-1998, Salzman served as Editor-in-Chief of an APTA section journal related to aquatic therapy, probing ethical topics within her Editor's column, such as "shading minutes" or refusing to allow patients to refuse PT in order to maintain Medicare Part A coverage. Between 1995-2002, Salzman served as a Lead Therapist and a PT Manager in both skilled nursing and hospital settings, roles which required her to provide inservice training as mandated by Joint Commission, including the use of the case study as a decision-making tool. In 2002, Advance for PT Magazine asked Salzman to create, referee and publish a series of point:counterpoint argumentative columns devoted to exploring hot button topics related to the ethical practice of physical therapy. Within this monthly column, "We Debate: You Decide", Salzman created a venue for 2 PT professionals to argue the merits of diametrically-opposed ethical stands on PT-related topics. In 2005, Salzman began serving as Vice President of 10K Rehab Corps, a temporary staffing company with an emphasis on providing on-call staff for the SNF and home health settings. One of her initial roles for this start-up company was the creation of policies on ethical standards for hiring and practice in the field. In 2009, Salzman began serving as the Director of Programming for Aquatic Therapy University (ATU) and in that role, has created over 500 hours of live instructionals for the post-graduate therapist. Salzman has spearheaded ATU's move towards obtaining PT continuing education credits through the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy, a move which required her to ensure the company met the intellectual property, ethical, disability access and diversity standards established by FSBPT. In 2010, Salzman received one of the highest honors given to a physical therapist from the American Physical Therapy Association, the Judy Cirullo Leadership Award. In 2012, Salzman began creating continuing education courses for Care2Learn, including discussions on the unintended ethical consequences of the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare) and rehospitalization risks for COPD, MI and CHF. Beginning in 2013, Salzman began creating Relias Learning online trainings related to medical errors and ethics and to perform critical reviews of existing CE courses, including reviews of Ethics and Jurisprudence courses, in order to ensure these courses met the standards required by the FSBPT and/or individual states. In addition to these roles, Salzman has served as: • Adjunct Faculty, College of St. Catherine's PT program: • Functional Design Consultant for facilities building aquatic centers; • Author, 5 physical therapy-related texts; • Monthly columnist, Aquatics International, Advance for PTs, Onsite Fitness, Disclosure: Andrea Salzman MS, PT discloses the following potential conflict of interests/commercial interests: Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Aquatic Therapy University as (Owner) Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Aquatic Resources Network as (Owner) Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Consultant Business as Consultant Relevant Financial Relationship with No Entities Exists as (N/A)
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: entry, intermediate, and advanced level Physical Therapists; in the following settings: All Healthcare Settings.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
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All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
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All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.