Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances: Prevention and Management

Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances: Prevention and Management 

Ensuring that our body’s fluids and electrolytes are in balance is crucial for life and homeostasis. Preventing and managing fluid and electrolyte imbalances is common in clinical practices. If an imbalance occurs, it must be corrected or it can adversely affect multiple body systems including the neurologic, cardiovascular and skeletal systems. When the amount of water in your body either increases or decreases, electrolytes can become too high or too low. When this happens, close monitoring is necessary. The most common fluid imbalance is hypovolemia or low blood volume, which is most often the result of dehydration. The most common electrolyte imbalances are sodium and potassium. You may also see imbalances in calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, however these are less frequent. This module will discuss hypovolemia, dehydration, and sodium and potassium imbalances. Since you will be providing care to individuals with fluid and electrolyte imbalances, it is important for you to understand the fundamental concepts of body fluid and electrolytes. Additionally, you should be knowledgeable of the signs and symptoms, treatment, and prevention of each of these imbalances.


Hours: 0.75


Certificates provided by accrediting body (4 Match)

Florida Board of Nursing - Certified Nursing Assistants


This is not an accredited course for professional license renewal. Florida CNAs may use this inservice toward meeting their annual inservice requirement.This activity is approved for 0.70 contact hours.

Non-Licensed Direct Care (DSP, HHA, CNA, DCW, PCA, IHA, NA)

0.75 HOURS

Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (ALL Direct Care Workers)

0.75 HOURS

Relias Learning, LLC is approved as a Curriculum Developer by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. This activity is approved for 0.75 contact hours for all WA State Direct Care Workers. Training Provider Code: WA0624. CE Approval Code: CO1619286

Pennsylvania Personal Care Home Administrators

0.75 HOURS

This activity is approved for 0.75 contact hours.

Course Details

Course Code: REL-SRC-0-FEIPM
Hours: 0.75
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 2/28/2022
Learning Objectives:
Describe the relationship between body fluid and electrolytes
Define hypovolemia and identify the nursing care required for prevention and management
Define dehydration and identify the nursing care required for prevention and management
Differentiate hyponatremia and hypernatremia
Differentiate hypokalemia and hyperkalemia

Section 1: Introduction A. About This Course B. Learning Objectives Section 2: Fundamental Concepts of Body Fluid A. Intra and Extra-Cellular Fluids B. Electrolytes C. Review Section 3: Hypovolemia A. Fluid Volume Deficit B. Assessment C. Review Section 4: Dehydration A. Definition B. Risk Factors C. Types D. Signs and Symptoms E. Diagnosing Dehydration F. Prevention is Key G. Review Section 5: Sodium Imbalances A. Sodium B. Hyponatremia C. Treatment D. Hypernatremia E. Treatment F. Review Section 6: Potassium Imbalances A. Potassium B. Hypokalemia C. Prevention D. Hyperkalemia E. Treatment F. Review Section 7: Conclusion A. Summary B. Course Contributor C. References D. Congratulations!

Instructor: Karen C. Schnaufer, BSN, RN
Karen C. Schnaufer, BSN, RN, Content Writer, Relias Learning, has held positions as staff nurse, charge nurse, research nurse clinician, and clinical instructor with over 25 years of clinical practice in a broad range of specialties: med/surg, pediatrics, long term care, mental health, research, and IDD. Prior to becoming a Registered Nurse, Ms. Schnaufer successfully challenged the Practical Nursing Boards in NY. After working with the Breast Oncology Research group at Duke, Ms. Schnaufer switched her focus to the area of IDD and worked with individuals with intellectual disabilities and mental health issues, who live in group homes. Among her various responsibilities in this area was to train direct support staff and clinicians in medical issues/medication administration, participate in state surveys, providing and implementing plans of correction, as well as, serving on various committees, such as Human Rights, to help improve the lives of the individuals supported. To this day, she continues to volunteer in this realm. A veteran of the U.S.A.F., Ms. Schnaufer is committed to creating relevant and intelligent continuing education courses for healthcare professionals throughout the continuum of care. Disclosure: Karen C. Schnaufer, BSN, RN has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: Entry, Intermediate level General Staff; in the following settings: Post-Acute Care.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
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If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form (https://www.relias.com/help) or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
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All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.