Cultural Issues in Treatment for Paraprofessionals

Cultural Issues in Treatment for Paraprofessionals 

While the United States is becoming increasingly diverse, this challenges the field and treatment of behavioral health and substance use disorders. Recognizing and remaining sensitive to cultural issues are critical to a positive helping relationship and to treatment outcomes. Unfortunately, people of various racial/ethnic/cultural/social identities oftentimes are underserved by the behavioral health system and/or they do not seek out the treatment they need. This course examines the clinical, cultural, organizational, and financial reasons that culturally diverse groups are underserved. In addition, you will learn the significance of cultural diversity, demographics, family and community resources, barriers to treatment. This course is intended for a variety of behavioral health providers with entry-level or intermediate experience incorporating cultural factors into their work. Case studies in conjunction with interactive exercises will teach you how to apply these concepts to the individuals you serve.


Hours: 2.25


Certificates provided by accrediting body (1 Match)

Georgia Paraprofessionals

2.25 HOURS

Course Details

Course Code: REL-HHS-0-CITPP
Hours: 2.25
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 8/31/2021
Learning Objectives:
Identify at least three ways in which various cultures differ from one another and how this affects barriers to treatment.
Describe at least two common treatment issues, their causes, and services targeted to treat them.
Summarize the most essential components of multicultural competency that providers should use in their everyday work.

I. Section 1: Introduction A. About This Course B. Learning Objectives II. Section 2: How Is Our Culture Diverse? A. Meet Alex B. Background: Biased Beginnings C. Biased Field D. The Increased Need for Culturally Competent Services E. The Culturally Competent Behavioral Health Provider F. Review G. How Do Racial and Ethnic Groups Differ? H. The Five Major Racial Groups in the U.S. I. Ethnic Groups J. Hispanics K. Non-Hispanics L. Review M. Summary III. Section 3: Cultural Diversity and Demographics A. Definitions B. Acculturation C. Variable Factors D. Review E. The Five Styles of Acculturation F. Pathways of Acculturation G. Other Influences H. Cultural Identity I. More about Cultural Identity J. Historical Experiences K. Review L. Socioeconomic Status M. How Do Cultural Differences Affect Coping Styles? N. Religious Beliefs and Mental/Behavioral Health O. Religious Beliefs and Mental Health P. Somatization Q. Culture-Bound Syndromes R. Meet Maria S. Summary IV. Section 4: Barriers to Treatment A. Population Differences B. Utilization of Services C. Help-Seeking Behavior D. Mistrust of the Mental Health System E. Mistrust of the Government F. Review G. Stigma H. Cost I. Meet Kai J. Summary V. Section 5: The Role of Culture in Treatment A. The Role of Culture B. African Americans: Prevalence Rates C. African Americans: Underrepresentation D. African Americans: Overrepresentation E. Review F. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders: Treatment Access and Utilization G. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders: Contributing Factors H. Hispanic Americans I. Native Americans J. Review K. Sexual Minorities L. More about Sexual Minorities M. Gender Dysphoria N. Review O. Summary VI. Section 6: Multicultural Competency in Treatment A. Multicultural Competency B. Elements of Competency C. Knowledge D. Awareness E. Skills F. Review G. Applying Cultural Competence in Treatment H. Family and Community as Resources I. Strong Ties J. Loyalty K. Examples of Family Solidarity L. Extended Family M. Meet Kevin N. Summary VII. Section 7: Conclusion A. Summary B. Congratulations!

Expert Reviewer: Susanna Gallor, Ph.D.
Susanna Gallor, Ph.D., is a psychologist and therapist who provides individual and group psychotherapy, mental health assessment and crisis intervention, and consultation and outreach with a focus on social justice and multicultural awareness. For the past 10 years she has worked at various university mental health centers providing services to college students as well as college campuses more broadly. She also maintains a small private practice. Dr. Gallor has experience assessing and working with issues including depression, anxiety, relationship and family functioning, eating disorders and body image concerns, and sexual assault. She also has particular interests in issues related to sexuality, gender and gender identity, race and ethnicity, and intersections among social identities. Disclosure: Susanna Gallor, Ph.D. has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Staff Writer: Naju Madra, M.A.

Naju Madra, M.A. is an internal subject matter expert and clinical content writer for Relias' Behavioral Healthcare library. She earned her Master's degree in Psychology with specific study in neuropsychological assessment for children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. She brings with her a wealth of experience in clinical assessment, along with expertise in large-scale clinical research project management, recruitment, training, as well as in-person and web-based curriculum development.

In addition to scholarly activities such as writing manuals and preparing manuscripts for peer-reviewed journals, Ms. Madra has over 15 years of behavioral healthcare experience ranging from crisis counseling and job coaching for individuals with severe mental illness and co-occurring disorders, to community college instruction, and trauma specialist at the Veterans Health Administration. In her current role, Ms. Madra has contributed authorship to over 100 behavioral healthcare course offerings for both licensed and non-licensed professionals in the Health & Human Services market.

Disclosure: Naju Madra, M.A. has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course is: Entry, Intermediate level Direct Support Professionals; in the following settings: Health and Human Services, Intellectual Developmental Disabilities.
Relias will be transparent in disclosing if any commercial support, sponsorship or co-providership is present prior to the learner completing the course.
Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form ( or by using the chat functionality.
All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.