I. Section 1: Introduction
A. About This Course
B. Learning Objectives
II. Section 2: How Is Our Culture Diverse?
A. Meet Alex
B. Background: Biased Beginnings
C. Biased Field
D. The Increased Need for Culturally Competent Services
E. The Culturally Competent Behavioral Health Provider
G. How Do Racial and Ethnic Groups Differ?
H. The Five Major Racial Groups in the U.S.
I. Ethnic Groups
III. Section 3: Cultural Diversity and Demographics
C. Variable Factors
E. The Five Styles of Acculturation
F. Pathways of Acculturation
G. Other Influences
H. Cultural Identity
I. More about Cultural Identity
J. Historical Experiences
L. Socioeconomic Status
M. How Do Cultural Differences Affect Coping Styles?
N. Religious Beliefs and Mental/Behavioral Health
O. Religious Beliefs and Mental Health
Q. Culture-Bound Syndromes
R. Meet Maria
IV. Section 4: Barriers to Treatment
A. Population Differences
B. Utilization of Services
C. Help-Seeking Behavior
D. Mistrust of the Mental Health System
E. Mistrust of the Government
I. Meet Kai
V. Section 5: The Role of Culture in Treatment
A. The Role of Culture
B. African Americans: Prevalence Rates
C. African Americans: Underrepresentation
D. African Americans: Overrepresentation
F. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders: Treatment Access and Utilization
G. Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders: Contributing Factors
H. Hispanic Americans
I. Native Americans
K. Sexual Minorities
L. More about Sexual Minorities
M. Gender Dysphoria
VI. Section 6: Multicultural Competency in Treatment
A. Multicultural Competency
B. Elements of Competency
G. Applying Cultural Competence in Treatment
H. Family and Community as Resources
I. Strong Ties
K. Examples of Family Solidarity
L. Extended Family
M. Meet Kevin
VII. Section 7: Conclusion
Susanna Gallor, Ph.D., is a psychologist and therapist who provides individual and group psychotherapy, mental health assessment and crisis intervention, and consultation and outreach with a focus on social justice and multicultural awareness. For the past 10 years she has worked at various university mental health centers providing services to college students as well as college campuses more broadly. She also maintains a small private practice. Dr. Gallor has experience assessing and working with issues including depression, anxiety, relationship and family functioning, eating disorders and body image concerns, and sexual assault. She also has particular interests in issues related to sexuality, gender and gender identity, race and ethnicity, and intersections among social identities. Disclosure: Susanna Gallor, Ph.D. has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.Staff Writer: Naju Madra, M.A.
Naju Madra, M.A. is an internal subject matter expert and clinical content writer for Relias' Behavioral Healthcare library. She earned her Master's degree in Psychology with specific study in neuropsychological assessment for children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. She brings with her a wealth of experience in clinical assessment, along with expertise in large-scale clinical research project management, recruitment, training, as well as in-person and web-based curriculum development.
In addition to scholarly activities such as writing manuals and preparing manuscripts for peer-reviewed journals, Ms. Madra has over 15 years of behavioral healthcare experience ranging from crisis counseling and job coaching for individuals with severe mental illness and co-occurring disorders, to community college instruction, and trauma specialist at the Veterans Health Administration. In her current role, Ms. Madra has contributed authorship to over 100 behavioral healthcare course offerings for both licensed and non-licensed professionals in the Health & Human Services market.Disclosure: Naju Madra, M.A. has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.