Welcome to the Symptom Management course in the ELNEC Core Curriculum. This course will provide you with an overview of common symptoms in patients with serious illnesses. There is a wide variety of common physical and psychological symptoms in palliative care, thus this course is divided by systems (e.g., respiratory, gastrointestinal, psychological, and a range of other symptoms). Those with serious illnesses will most likely present with multiple symptoms. That is why it is important for you to be knowledgeable about evidence-based symptom management and optimum treatments. There is an emphasis on your essential role in recognizing, assessing, and managing symptoms. The interdisciplinary collaboration necessary in managing symptoms to enhance quality of life and reduce unnecessary suffering cannot be overstated. The goal of this course is to provide nurses with knowledge of symptom management.
District of Columbia Board of Nursing Approved Continuing Education program (CEBroker Provider #50-290).
Florida Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
In support of improving patient care, Relias LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.
Georgia Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
South Carolina Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
West Virginia Board of Registered Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
New Mexico Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
Arkansas State Board Of Nursing Approved Continuing Education program (CEBroker Provider #50-290).
Kentucky Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
Nurses will receive 2.00 contact hours for participating in this course.
Mississippi Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
North Dakota Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
Wyoming Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
Kansas State Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
Section 1: Introduction
About This Course
Section 2: Introduction to Symptom Management
Symptoms and Suffering
Living with Chronic Lung Disease
Common Symptoms Within Serious Illnesses
Section 3: Respiratory Symptoms
Causes of Dyspnea
Pharmacologic Treatment of Dyspnea
Non-Pharmacologic Treatment of Dyspnea
Section 4: Gastrointestinal Symptoms
Anorexia and Cachexia
Causes of Anorexia and Cachexia
Assessment of Anorexia and Cachexia
Treatment of Anorexia and Cachexia
Causes of Constipation
Assessment of Constipation
Treatment of Constipation
Causes of Diarrhea
Assessment of Diarrhea
Treatment of Diarrhea
Nausea and Vomiting
Causes of Nausea and Vomiting
Assessment of Nausea and Vomiting
Pharmacologic Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting
Non-Drug Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting
Section 5: Psychological Symptoms
Factors to Consider
Assessment of Depression
Pharmacologic Interventions for Depression
Non-Pharmacologic Interventions for Depression
Assessment of Anxiety
Interventions for Anxiety
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD and Serious Illness
Causes of Cognitive Changes
Assessment of Cognitive Changes
Treatment of Cognitive Changes
Section 6: General Symptoms
Assessment of Wounds
Treatment of Wounds
Unable to Self-Report
Section 7: Conclusion
The content for this course was written by The ELNEC Project Team.The content for this course was revised by:
The ELNEC Project, which began in 2000, is a collaboration between City of Hope, Duarte, CA and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), Washington, DC. For more information about ELNEC, go to www.aacnnursing.org/ELNEC
Constance Dahlin, MSN, ANP-BC, ACHPN®, FPCN, FAAN has focused her career within hospice and palliative care. She has experience in administration of programs, program development, curricula development, education of the interprofessional team, and clinical practice in the home, clinic, long term care setting, rehabilitation setting and the acute care setting.. Currently, she is faculty here at University of Maryland Baltimore PhD, Master of Science and Graduate Certificate in Palliative Care, a consultant to the Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC) in community-based care and education, co-director of the Palliative APP Externship, with a clinical practice as a palliative nurse practitioner at Salem Hospital and. She serves as national faculty for the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC), the American Hospital Association Circle of Life Committee, the Massachusetts Serious Illness Coalition Nursing Taskforce, and the Massachusetts Comprehensive Cancer Steering Committee.
Ms. Dahlin authored several editions of the Palliative Nursing: Scope and Standards and Competencies for the Palliative and Hospice RN, and APRN. She wrote the Hospice and Palliative APRN Professional Practice Guide and A Primer of Reimbursement, Billing, and Coding: Essential Information for the Hospice and Palliative APRN. She is coeditor of the Oxford University Press Advanced Practice Palliative Nursing 1st and 2nd editions. She referenced the 2004 first education of the National Consensus Project’s Clinical Practice Guidelines for Palliative Care and edited the 2009 second and third 2013 editions.
Ms. Dahlin served on the Measurement Applications Partnership PAC/LTC Workgroup, the Measurement Applications Partnership Clinician Workgroup within the National Quality Forum and co-chaired the Massachusetts Comprehensive Cancer Control and Prevention Network Palliative Care Workgroup. Ms. Dahlin is a Fellow of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, a 2005 Certified ACHPN APRN of the year, a 2016 recipient of a Sojourns Cambia Health Foundation Sojourns Leadership Scholar Award, a 2018 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine Visionary in Hospice and Palliative Medicine, the 2020 HPNA Distinguished Practice Award and the 2021 University of Maryland Baltimore Master of Science and Graduate Certificates in Palliative Care Teacher of the Year. She completed her MSN in oncology nursing and her post-masters in adult primary care at the MGH Institute of Health Professions. She has authored peer reviewed articles, chapters and curricula and presented nationally and internationally.
Judith Paice, PhD, RN is the Director of the Cancer Pain Program in the Division of Hematology-Oncology and a Research Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine. She is also a member of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center. Dr. Paice is presently a member of the NIH HEAL Initiative Multidisciplinary Working Group and has served as President of the American Pain Society and Secretary of the International Association for the Study of Pain. Currently a panel member of the NCCN Adult Cancer Pain Clinical Practice Guideline, much of Dr Paice’s clinical work has been in the relief of pain associated with cancer. She has traveled widely within six continents to educate health care professionals regarding cancer pain relief and palliative care. Dr. Paice serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Pain, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management and Journal of Clinical Oncology and is the author of more than 170 scientific manuscripts. She was one of the original consultants in the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium (ELNEC) and has continued serving as a faculty member in this program. In 2018, Dr. Paice was named one of the 30 Visionaries in the field by the Academy of Hospice and Palliative Care.Disclosure: 2022 ELNEC Core has no Relevant Financial or Non-Financial Relationship with ineligible companies to disclose.
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