Course Code: REL-SRC-0-EJGPT
Type: Online Course
Content Expiration Date: 10/31/2019
Describe three changes in the professional, reimbursement, or legal landscapes that affect PTs and PTAs.
Articulate two distinctions between morals, ethics, and the law as related to the physical therapy profession.
Describe three types of Advance Directives and briefly explain how each is designed to reduce moral, ethical, and legal dilemmas.
Define at least two main theories and principles of healthcare ethics, as described in the course.
Describe two methods PT professionals employ to help resolve ethical situations.
Apply elements of the American Physical Therapy Associations Core Ethical documents to two case studies to resolve mock ethical dilemmas.
Articulate the supervision standards for physical therapist assistants and aides in the state of Georgia.
Describe the supervision standards for individuals practicing under a “Training Permit” in Georgia.
Describe at least five activities which are considered violations of the Georgia PT and/or PTA Code of Ethics.
Describe requirements for continuing competency for both PT and PTA providers.
Describe the rules related to performance of “dry needling” by PTs in the state of Georgia as outlined in Rule 490-9-.05.
Section 1: Introduction
- About This Course
- Learning Objectives
Section 2: New Frontiers
- Growing Pains
- Case Study #1: Professional Accountability
- Professional Challenges
- Presenting Self as DPT
- Practicing PT with Autonomy
- Operating under Constrained Models
- Implementing Electronic Medical Records
- Implementing Functional Limitation G-codes
- Implementing PQRS Reporting
- Implementing the Affordable Care Act
Section 3: Morals, Ethics & Law
- Ethics vs. Morals
- Healthcare Ethics
- Common Ethical Themes in Physical Therapy
- APTA’s Core Values for the Physical Therapist
- Professional Duty
- Socially Responsible
- APTA’s Core Values for the Physical Therapist
- Ethics vs. Law
- When It All Comes Together
Section 4: Ethical Theories & Principles
- Healthcare Principles
- Case Study #2: Professional Ethical Behavior
- Main Ethical Theories
- Methods to Resolve Ethical Dilemmas
- Integrating Theory into Practice
- Long-View Implementation of Ethical Training
- How Would These Play Out?
- Eight Steps to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma
- Case Study #3
- Active Engagement Model
- Case Study #4: Professional Boundaries
- Ethical Lens Grid
Section 5: Code of Ethics
- Codifying Ethics
- APTA’s Core Ethical Document
- Mock Case Scenarios
Section 6: Website of the Georgia State Board of Physical Therapy
- Actions Available Online
- Review of aPTitude
- Proposed Rules
- Frequently Asked Questions
- FAQ Summary
Section 7: Georgia General Provisions
- § 43-1-9
- § 43-1-19
- § 43-1-19.1
- § 43-1-19.2
- § 43-1-20
- § 43-1-21
- § 43-1-22
- § 43-1-23
- § 43-1-24
- § 43-1-25
- § 43-1-27
Section 8: Georgia Regulations Governing Physical Therapy
- Georgia Physical Therapy Practice Act
- Defining Physical Therapy
- Role Delineations
- Georgia Physical Therapy Board Rules
- Chapter 490-1
- Chapter 490-2
- Chapter 490-3
- Chapter 490-4
- Chapter 490-5
- Chapter 490-6
- Chapter 490-7
- Chapter 490-8
- Chapter 490-9 Code of Ethics
- Rule 490-9-.02
- Rule 490-9-.03
- Rule 490-9-.04
- Rule 490-9-.05
- Chapter 490-10
- Chapter 490-11
- Chapter 490-12
Section 9: Georgia State Board of Physical Therapy Policy Statements
Section 10: Conclusion
- Course Contributor
Andrea Salzman MS, PT
Andrea Salzman, MS, PT graduated from the University of Alabama at Birmingham with a Masters degree in physical therapy. Between 1996-2017, Salzman has instructed 100+ live instructions related to aquatic therapy and over 25 online courses related to geriatric therapy, ethics, and aquatic therapy. Her interest in topics related to scope of practice and ethics boundaries began in PT school where she served on a student-led honor council in a model which required its members to pass judgements on multiple ethics violations by peers. Between 1995-1998, Salzman served as Editor-in-Chief of an APTA section journal related to aquatic therapy, probing ethical topics within her Editor's column, such as "shading minutes" or refusing to allow patients to refuse PT in order to maintain Medicare Part A coverage. Between 1995-2002, Salzman served as a Lead Therapist and a PT Manager in both skilled nursing and hospital settings, roles which required her to provide inservice training as mandated by Joint Commission, including the use of the case study as a decision-making tool. In 2002, Advance for PT Magazine asked Salzman to create, referee and publish a series of point:counterpoint argumentative columns devoted to exploring hot button topics related to the ethical practice of physical therapy. Within this monthly column, "We Debate: You Decide", Salzman created a venue for 2 PT professionals to argue the merits of diametrically-opposed ethical stands on PT-related topics.
In 2005, Salzman began serving as Vice President of 10K Rehab Corps, a temporary staffing company with an emphasis on providing on-call staff for the SNF and home health settings. One of her initial roles for this start-up company was the creation of policies on ethical standards for hiring and practice in the field. In 2009, Salzman began serving as the Director of Programming for Aquatic Therapy University (ATU) and in that role, has created over 500 hours of live instructionals for the post-graduate therapist. Salzman has spearheaded ATU's move towards obtaining PT continuing education credits through the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy, a move which required her to ensure the company met the intellectual property, ethical, disability access and diversity standards established by FSBPT. In 2010, Salzman received one of the highest honors given to a physical therapist from the American Physical Therapy Association, the Judy Cirullo Leadership Award. In 2012, Salzman began creating continuing education courses for Care2Learn, including discussions on the unintended ethical consequences of the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare) and rehospitalization risks for COPD, MI and CHF. Beginning in 2013, Salzman began creating Relias Learning online trainings related to medical errors and ethics and to perform critical reviews of existing CE courses, including reviews of Ethics and Jurisprudence courses, in order to ensure these courses met the standards required by the FSBPT and/or individual states. In addition to these roles, Salzman has served as:
• Adjunct Faculty, College of St. Catherine's PT program:
• Functional Design Consultant for facilities building aquatic centers;
• Author, 5 physical therapy-related texts;
• Monthly columnist, Aquatics International, Advance for PTs, Onsite Fitness, Ausmed.com
Disclosure: Andrea Salzman MS, PT discloses the following potential conflict of interests/commercial interests: Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Aquatic Therapy University as (Owner)
Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Aquatic Resources Network as (Owner)
Relevant Non-Financial Relationship with Consultant Business as Consultant
Relevant Financial Relationship with No Entities Exists as (N/A)
The target audience for this course is: entry, intermediate, and advanced level Physical Therapists; in the following settings: All Healthcare Settings.
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Course Delivery Method and Format
Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
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To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
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